Not to say I told you so (years ago in The Fallacy of The Calorie), but , well I told you so. Not long ago, I posted about the recent data confirming what I wrote several years ago; that artificially sweetened beverages (ASBs) are linked with an increased risk of developing diabetes (DM). Now it seems, you not only may you increase your risk of getting DM, you don’t even lose the advertised weight; you may end up fatter with DM and heart disease, according to a new meta analysis.
Nonnutritive sweeteners, such as aspartame, sucralose and stevioside, are widely consumed. Previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) had suggested that consumption of nonnutritive sweeteners is not consistently associated with decreases in body weight, BMI or waist circumference. Furthermore, cohort studies suggested that consumption of nonnutritive sweeteners is associated with higher risks of obesity, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and cardiovascular disease.
Building on these findings, a new meta-analysis examined dat from over 400,000 study participants. The researchers found that consumption of nonnutritive sweeteners was associated with modest long-term weight gain in observational studies. Their results also confirmed a higher risks of type 2 diabetes, and hypertension with regular consumption of nonnutritive sweeteners. These results do not support the premise of using non-nutritive sweeteners for weight management, and data suggests that the routine intake of nonnutritive sweeteners may be associated with increased BMI and cardiometabolic risk.
Read The Fallacy of The Calorie to find out why!
[CMAJ; July 17, 2017 vol. 189 no. 28 doi: 10.1503/cmaj.161390; Nonnutritive sweeteners and cardiometabolic health: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies; Azad, Abou-Setta, Chauhan, et al.]